When your tongue says the word Islam, betimes there you understand it is total success. Talking about the Islam , It is total way of life . Socio- economic, political and what not. Here introducing the education system and Islam , i am efflorescing here Syed Modudi’s concept of knowledge/education.
Syed Abu Ala Modudi was born in Auranabad Deccan on Rajab 3,1321/ September- 25_1903 in a respectable family known for its religious piety . His descent is traced to a renowned personage of Chisti Sufi order, Khwaja Qutb al Mawdud Chasti. Modudi’s lineage on the paternal side , is traced to Prophet ( S A W). His ancestors had moved to the indo-Pakistan continent from Chist towards the end of ninth century . Sayyid Mawdudi was much impressed with his lineage. He wrote ” I belong to such family that has 1300 year history of guiding asceticism and Sufism (Khud Navisht ,Mohd Yisuf Bhuttah.)
The young Mawdudi was possessed of a receptive mind and sharp intellect along with an inquisitive nature thanks to which he was always inclined to delve into a host of serious and searching questions.
Sayyid Mawdudi presented Islam as a complete code of life. It is a way of life, a culture and civilization that captivates peoples’ hearts and convinces their minds easily. It encompasses all aspects of human life. He systematically presented Islamic political system, economic system, cultural system, social system, ethical system and so on.
He uprooted the confusion that Islam was but the name of some scattered teachings. He underlined the fundamental principles for most of these aspects based on the Qur’an and Sunnah.
He urged that a Believer in Islam should accept it as a whole. Accepting some part of Islam and rejecting some others is a sheer hypocrisy and perversity.
Allah says in Chapter 96 :
Read (O Prophet,) in the name of your Lord; Who created. We all have hark-back of only ” READ” , No it is ‘ Read in the name of Allah.
So in this regard Molana elucidates as, in Islam acquisition of knowledge is an obligation and it has to be acquired in the name of and for the sake of Allah. The Quran speaks in glowing terms about knowledge and about the people endowed with it. Similarly there are number of Ahadith which greatly emphasize pursuit of knowledgeable and make pursuit of knowledge a duty incumbent on every Muslim.
During the first five centuries of Hijri era ( from 7th to 12th) , Muslims exhibited an insatiable desire as well as immense capacity to learn which led to a phenomenal efflorescence of Islamic thought. In the early period of Islam learning of Arabic and Islamic studies was considered of vital importance . Thus the Muslims acquired in a short period of time the constitutions of number of civilizations- Indian, Persian, Iraqian , Greeck and Roman. In the course of time Islamic civilization reached its zenith and made most contributions and advancements in all fields of knowledge. The Muslims believed in Tawhid , and in the unity of mankind. All knowledge in their view was a confirmation of divine unity and purpose. In fact in Islam there is no concept of science or its own sake nor of knowledge for its own sake.
Many reformers in early tried to solve the problem of this literature, knowledge and education. They believed that what the system needed was to simply add the western sciences to the existing curriculum of Islamic disciples. Their view was based on the assumption that western sciences were value-neutral and they would not cause any harm to Islamic values.
To Sayyid Mawdudi , such educational reforms were bound to be unproductive, even counterproductive . What was needed, according to him was to reorient the whole system of education and to Islamize knowledge. To Islamize ‘ in Syed Modudi’s view is “to critically analyses the western humanities and sciences”, and to recast them in accordance with the teachings of Islam. It is a process of critical evaluation and appreciation as distinct from blind imitation, a process of sifting, filtering and reconstruction as distinct from wholesale rejection of western thought. This aim is to critically appraise and reformulate social sciences within the framework of Islam.
Sayyid felt strongly that a genuine revival of Ummah is possible only if the education system is revamped and its faults corrected, in fact he strongly felt that whole system needs to be formed anew. He proposed that all educational levels need to be modified, elementary, secondary and universities. As the intellectual direction almost depend on universities, so paying it a must concern.
He argued that the existing educational system was a curious mixture of western and Islamic elements which were in mutual conflict. In the existing system mutually opposed elements (western and Islamic) have been combined. He stated this the existing dualism in Muslim education , its bifurcation into religious and mundane must be abolished once and for all. Islam he argued doesn’t permit us dividing education into two watertight compartments.
Hence it is necessary that the humanities, social sciences and natural sciences be reconceived and redesigned and be assigned new purposes consistent with Islam.
The Muslims in his opinion ought to rebuild their educational structure in consonance with requirements of Islam, albeit in a way that would also make it responsive to the requirements of modern age . He talks of how a university should be:
The aim of an Islamic university in his opinion should be ” to produce such righteous scholars who would be able to provide leadership to the contemporary world in all walks of life in according to teachings of Islam .